GCERT Class 9 Social Science Chapter 13 Solution
Brief Information: This post contains the solution for Chapter 13 India: Location, Geological Structure And Physiography of Class 9 Social Science (SS) of the Gujarat Board (GSEB) books by GCERT.
Q.1 Write short answers for the following questions
(1) India has a strategic location. Explain.
Ans. India holds a strategic location in eastern hemisphere. Indian Ocean have contributed immensely in developing mutual relations in ancient times. India had trade relations with East Africa, West Asia, South Asia and South-East Asia since ancient times. India had developed cultural and trade relations with them due to her location. No country in the Indian Ocean has a long maritime boundary as India has. Due to this strategic location, the ocean is named as Indian Ocean.
(2) Why is the physiography of India diversified ? Explain.
Ans. India has lofty mountain ranges in the north. Many plateaus, summits and passes are seen within them. Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra rivers flow in the northern plains. Their alluvial deposits have formed this plain. Two edges in the form of Ghats on two sides of the plateau and coastal plains are situated on eastern and western margins. Due to this reason India holds a diversified physiography.
(3) Why has the international trade of India become easy ?
Ans. International Trade has become easy for India because of its Strategic location in Indian Ocean in eastern hemisphere.
(4) India has become a place of ‘cultural confluence’ — Explain.
Ans. The indian culture has coordinating attitude. It has not discarded any religion, race or people, but has accepted them whole heartedly. Thus, impartiality towards all religions, people and races is the peculiar characteristic of India. That is why India has become a “cultural confluence.”
(5) State how many tectonic plates are there ? Which are they ?
Ans. There are seven major tectonic plates. These are :
(1) Pacific plate
(2) North American plate
(3) South American plate
(4) Eurasian plate
(5) African plate
(6) Indo-Australian place and
(7) Antarctic plate.
Q.2 Explain the concept of the following terms
(1) Standard Time – Standard Time is the time of a region or country that is established by law or general usage.
(2) Tropic of Cancer – The Tropic of Cancer is a parallel of latitude on the Earth at 23.5 degrees north of the equator.
(3) Peninsula – A peninsula is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends.
(4) Divergent – The lithosphere is made of plates. The plates moving away from each others are called divergent plates.
(5) Hemisphere – Any circle drawn around the Earth divides it into two equal halves called hemispheres.
(6) Circulation – The orderly movement through the specified path in circuit (coming back to place of origin) is known as circulation.
Q.3 Answer the following questions
(1) Give information about the location and area of India.
(2) How was India benefited due to the opening of Suez Canal ? Explain.
(3) Give a detailed account of the structure of the earth.
Q.3 Select the correct option of the following questions and write answers
(1) Through which state of India, the standard meridian does not pass ?
(A) Uttar Pradesh
(C) Madhya Pradesh
(D) Tamil Nadu
Ans. (D) Tamil Nadu
(2) North of India : China, To the north-west of India :
(C) Sri Lanka
Ans. (B) Pakistan
(3) Arrange the following states in order from north to south :
Uttarakhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Andhm Pradesh, Delhi
(A) Uttarakhand, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala
(B) Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Uttarakhand
(c) Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Kerala
(D) Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand
Ans. (A) Uttarakhand, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala
(4) Which of the following countries is larger in area than India ?
Ans. (A) Canada
(5) Which of the following pairs is incorrect as a neighbour of India ?
(A) Afghanistan — North-West
(B) Nepal — North-East
(C) China — North
(D) Bangladesh — West
Ans. (D) Bangladesh — West