GCERT Class 8 Social Science Semester 2 Chapter 6 Solution
Brief Information: This post contains the solution for Chapter 6 Human Resources of Class 8 Semester 2 of the Gujarat Board (GSEB) textbooks by GCERT.
Q.1 Answer the following questions in short.
1. Write the importance of Census.
Ans. Census is important in order to plan out country’s Development plan in regard to food, water, housing facilities, industry, electricity, employment, education and conservation.
2. Why does the population increase at a fast rate?
Ans. Population increase is a natural phenomenon. However, two major factor plays role in fast rate of population growth. They are – 1.) Immigration of people from other place due to socio-economic reasons and 2.) Decrease in death rate.
3. What do you understand by birth rate and death rate?
Ans. The total live births in one year per 1000 persons in a given area is known as birth rate. The number of deaths in one year per 1000 persons in a specific area is termed as death rate.
4. Define population density.
Ans. The average number of people living per sq. km. area is termed as the density of population.
5. What do you understand by migration?
Ans. Shifting of people from one place to another due to various socio-economic reasons is known as migration.
Q.2 Explain the terms given below.
1. Literacy – Literacy is the measure of socio-economic development of any nations. It measure the number of literate in country. According to 1991 census, any individual who is 6 years or above and who can read, write and understand any one language, may be considered as literate.
2. Age structure – The composition of a population in terms of the proportions of individuals of different ages is known as age Structure.
3. Population composition – The classification of the total population into various categories is called population composition. E.g male-female, age group, literacy rate, rural-urban areas, religions, linguistic groups, professional groups etc.
Q.3 Answer the following questions in detail.
1. Give information about qualitative changes in population?
Ans. The changes observed in the levels of health and education indicate qualitative changes. It alters the way of thinking and behavior as well as style and standard of living. The other factors responsible for qualitative changes are dedication, hard work, patriotism, enthusiasm, courage etc. These factors bring about socio-cultural changes.
2. Why is the human resource considered as the most important resource for a nation?
Ans. The population of a nation is its wealth and strength. If the human resource is educated, trained, healthy and strong, then it will foster the development of the nation. A carefully planned use of human resource builds the foundation for the development of the nation. To keep the pace with the developed nations it is very important that the human resource is developed.
Q.4 Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
1. The density of population during the census 2011 was 382 Person per square kilometer
2. India stands at the Second position in the world in terms of population.
3. The people following Hinduism as religion are maximum in number in India.
4. The sex ratio in Gujarat as per the census 2011 was 918 females per 1000 males
5. Approximately 16 % of total world’s population resides in India.