GCERT Class 8 Social Science Semester 2 Chapter 14 Solution
Brief Information: This post contains the solution for Chapter 14 Introduction of the Continents: Africa and Asia of Class 8 Semester 2 of the Gujarat Board (GSEB) books GCERT.
The subtopics covered under chapter 14 Introduction of the Continents: Africa and Asia are as follow:
- Africa : The second largest continent of the world
- Climate and Vegetation
- Agriculture, Mineral Resources and People
- Country Profile – Egypt, South Africa
- Vegetation and Animal life
- People of Asia
- Neighbouring countries of India – Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
The solution for the exercise of the chapter is given below
Q.1 Answer the following questions in short
1. Which oceans lie in the north, south and east of the continent of Asia?
Oceans in the north of Asia – Arctic Ocean
Oceans in the south of Asia – India Ocean
Oceans in the north of East – Pacific Ocean
2. Why are the rivers that meet the Arctic Ocean not useful as waterways?
Ans. The rivers meeting the Arctic ocean are frozen for most of the year hence they are not useful as waterways.
Q.2 Collect information with the help of a physical map of Africa and fill it in column 'A', 'B' and 'C'.
The Deserts ‘A’
The Plains ‘B’
The Highlands ‘C’
Central Tanganyika Plateau
Q.3 Study the political map of the world and fill in the blanks given below.
Q. Write the names of any five countries of Asia having a coastline.
Ans. Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China, Maldives, Indonesia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Japan, South Korea, etc.
Q. In which direction of Asia do these continents lie?
1. Europe – West
2. Africa – South West
3. Australia – South
Q.4 Make a list of the fresh water lakes of Asia and Africa.
Fresh water lakes in Asia –
1. Lake Baikal (Kazakhstan)
2. Wular Lake (India)
3. Dal Lake (India)
4. Dhebar Lake (India)
5. Tonle sap Lake (Cambodia)
6. Dongting Lake(China)
Fresh water lakes in Africa –
1. Lake Victoria
2. Lake Tangankiya
3. Lake Malawi
4. Lake Turkana
5. Lake Albert
6. Lake Chad
7. Lake Edward
Q.5 Make a list of the countries of Asia with the help of the political map.
United Arab Emirates
Q.6 State whether the following statements are true or false. Write (T) for true and (F) for the false statement in the squares provided.
1. The continent of Asia lies in the southern hemisphere. – F (False)
2. The temperature remains high in summer in central Asia. – T (True)
3. The winds blowing over the Arabian Sea bring rainfall in winter. – F (False)
4. Cherrapunji is located in the state of Assam in India. – F (False)
5. The Japanese live in tents made of leather. F (False)
6. Camel is used for transportation in the Himalayas. – F (False)
7. The Arabs wear woolen clothes in summer. – F (False)
Q.7 Identify me.
1. I live in the forests of Africa and Gir. Lion
2. I am a tree of the coastal region. Mangrooves
3. I am an animal useful for agriculture. Bullock (Ox)
4. I am the main tree of the equatorial region. Mahogany
Q.8 Answer the following questions in short.
1. Name the hot and the cold deserts of Asia.
Ans. Hot desert of Asia – Thar desert of India, Arabian desert, Lop desert of China, Karakum desert of Central Asia, Cholistan desert of Pakistan etc. Cold desert of Asia – Gobi desert and Ladakh of India.
2. Make a list of the neighbouring countries of India.
Ans. The neighbouring countries of India sharing land borders are Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The country having maritime borders are Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia.
3. Make a list of the housing styles of Asia which you like the most.
Ans. Housing styles found in Asis that I like are-
a.) Yurts of Kyrgyzstan Central Asia
b.) Honai of Indonesia
c.) Hanok of Korea
4. Make a list of the animals found in Asia.
Ans. Animals found in Asia include –
a.) Animals of the cold region – Polar Bear, wolf, Muskrat, Raccoon, Beaver, Reindeer, Caribou, Dog, Yak
b.) Domestic animals – Cow, Buffalo, Ox, Camel, Sheep and Goat
c.) Animals of the hot Desert – Camel, Horse, Donkey, Mule, Wild Ass, Bactrian Camel
d.) Aquatic animals – Seal, Walrus, Bumala fish, Herring fish, Salmon fish