GCERT Class 8 Social Science Semester 2 Chapter 13 Solution

GCERT Class 8 Social Science Semester 2 Chapter 13 Solution

Brief Information: This post contains the solution for Chapter 13 Independent India of Class 8 Semester 2 of the Gujarat Board (GSEB) books GCERT.

The Subtopics covered under chapter 13 Independent India are as follow:

  • Formation and Re-organisations of States
  • Maha Gujarat Movement
  • Indulal Yagnik – The Promoter of the Maha Gujarat Movement
  • Formation of Gujarat state
  • Integration of the French and Portuguese colonies into the Indian Union – Integration of Pondicherry and Integration of Goa, Diu and Daman
  • Relationship between India and Pakistan
  • India Today

The solution of exercise of the chapter is given below

Q.1 Answer the following questions.

1. Why the central government had to ‘Reorganise the states’?
Ans. After Independence India adopted federal system and formed four categories of state. The people were not satisfied. They demanded formation of states on linguistic basis. Andhra Pradesh was first to demand. Due to above reasons the central government had to ‘Reorganise the states’.

2. Why did Maha Gujarat movement start?
Ans. Maha-Gujarat movemenr started for demanding separate formation of Gujarat and Maharashtra state from Bombay state on linguistic basis.

3. Which areas were under the French rule?
Ans. Pondicherry, Karaikal (Tamil Nadu), Mahe (Kerala), Yanam (Andhra Pradesh) and Chandranagar (West Bengal) were under the French rule.

4. Why India had to take military action against the Portuguese?
Ans. Negotiations and talks with Portuguese to cede Goa, Diu and Daman to India failed. The movements to integrate Goa into the Indian Union became more intense and violent. On 15 th August, 1955, 3000 to 5000 unarmed Indian activists attempted to enter Goa at six locations and were violently repulsed by Portuguese police officers, resulting in the deaths of around 200 people. After the failure of talks and Satyagragh, Indian government decide to take radical step in form on military action under ‘Operation Vijay’ to free Goa.

5. Which are the current problems faced by India?
Ans. India currently faces problems like –

  • Caste Discrimination
  • Communal Tension
  • Poverty and Inequality (gap between rich and poor)
  • Illiteracy
  • Inflation
  • Corruption

Q.2 Match the items in column 'A’ with those in column ‘B’.


  • 1. Chairman of the State Reorganisation committee – 5. Fazal Ali

  • 2. ‘Chacha of Janta’ – 4. Indulal Yagnik

  • 3. Gujarat state was inaugurated by – 1. Ravishankar Maharaj

  • 4. The first Chief Minister of Gujarat – 2. Dr. Jivraj Mehta

  • 5. The first Governor of Gujarat – 3. Mehndi Nawaz Jung

GCERT Class 8 Social Science Semester 2 Chapter 13 Solution
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