GCERT Class 7 Social Science Chapter 4 Solution
Brief Information: This post contains the solution for Chapter 4 Medieval Architecture, Cities, Merchants and Craftmen of Class 7 of the Gujarat Board (GSEB) books GCERT.
Q.1 Find the correct option from the following options given below and write the correct answer
1. During Delhi Sultanate the ____ style of mosque, mausoleum(tomb) and roja was predominant.
Ans. D. Arab
2. Agra: ____Bagh, Kashmir: ____Bagh
Ans. A. Aaram and B. Nishant
3. Mumbai ____, Tanjore ____
A. Rajrajehwar temple
B. Elephanta caves
C. Chariot temple
D. Golden temple
Ans. B. Elephanta caves and A. Rajrajeshwar temple
4. Architecture which has achieved the status of World Heritage Silte.
A. Adi-Kadi Vav
B. Rani ni Vav
C. Kankaria Lake
D. Rudadevi’s Vav
Ans. B. Rani ni Vav
5. Archtectural piece carved with special ____ type of lattice work in windows.
A. Sidi Syed’s lattice (Jali)
B. Jama Masjid
C. Dabhoi’s Fort
D. Masjid of Dholka
Ans. A. Sidi Syed’s lattice (Jali)
Q.2 Answer the following questions briefly
1. What is architecture?
Ans. In simple terms architecture means construction. It includes the construction of houses, towns, wells, forts, minarets, tombs etc.
2. Which painting styles of Rajasthan were famous?
Ans. Mewar, Jaipur, Marwad and Kota painting styles of Rajastahan were famous.
3. In which sense Hampi may be considered as the center of trade and commerce?
Ans. The mention of Hampi of Vijaynagar as center of trade and commerce are found in information given by travellers. The goods like cotton cloth, silk cloth and spices were sent from Vijaynagar to Europe. Three types of coins are also found from Hampi indicating that it was major center of trade and commerce.
4. Write the names of the Mughal architecture.
Ans. a) Fort of Agra and city of Fatehpur Sikri.
b) Tomb of Sher Shah Suri at Sasaram.
c) Nishat bagh in Kasmir, Shalimar bagh in Lahore and Arambagh in Agra.
d) Taj Mahal at Agra
e) Red Fort at Delhi
Q.3 State whether the following statements are ‘True’ or ‘False’:
1. ‘Rani ni Vav’ was built during the Solanki era. – True
2. Rajrajeshwar temple is the finest architecture of Sikh sect. – False
3. The original name of the Uperkot was Ilvdurg – False
4. Pavapuri is the only place in the world where there are many temples on one hill – False
5. The tradition of Paliyas is still alive in Kutch and Kathiawad of Gujarat, even today. – True
Q.4 Write short-note on
Ans. ‘Paliya’ is one of the unique architecture in Gujarat. Paliyas are stone memorial built in memory of great warriors on the place of battlefield or at the place of their death. There paliyas are worshiped once in year as per the date of their death. The best example of of Paliya in Gujarat include Suraj kunwarbano paliyo in Bhuchar Mori near Jamnagar and Hamirji Gohil paliya near Somnath Temple.
2. Modhera Sun temple
Ans. The Sum temple of Modhera was built during Reign of Sonanki king Bhimdev I. The East entrance of the temple wa designed in such a way that the first rays of the sun radiated to sanctum sanctorum at the far end of the temple and fell on the gem in the center of Sun God’s idol. There are twelve different idols of the sun in the temple. There are total 108 small temples around the water tank outside the temple.
3. Rani ni Vav
Ans. Rani ni Vav is a world famous step well located in Patan. It is seven storied. It was built by Solanki dyansty’s queen Udyamati (wife of king Bhimdev I). It is a unique example of sculpture and architecture. UNESCO has designated this site as the World Heritage Site.
4. Mughal architecture
Ans. Under the Mughal rule there was intermingling of Hindu and Muslim culture. It resulted in development of Ganga-Jamuna culture. The famous architecture during Mughals include –
a) Gardens at Agra and Lahore by Babur.
b) Fort Agra and Constructions at Fathepur Sikri like Buland Darwaza, Salim Chishti Darga, Panchmahal etc.
c) Use of marble during the time of Jahangir.
d) Taj Mahal and Moti Masjid at Agra and Red Fort at Delhi by Shahjahan
f) Tomb of Rabia-ud-Dauran (Bibi ka makbara) at Aurangabad by Aurangzeb. It resemble Taj Mahal.